Now that the prevalence of such tragedies is clear, we must also delve into the specific causes of these tragedies. Only by understanding the causes of drowning accidents will we be able to swiftly act to prevent further lives from being lost in such a senseless manner.
What Are The Major Causes Of Swimming Pool Drownings?
It should go without saying that individuals who are not good swimmers, or those who do not know how to swim in the first place, should be extremely cautious around pools.
It is not only children who drown in swimming pools because they do not know how to swim. There are countless adults who simply have not had enough exposure to the water to have ever learned how to swim. Both of these populations, naturally, are at an increased risk of becoming victims of a fatal unintentional drowning.
You may have previously noticed that just about every pool, whether it be public or private, is usually surrounded by some sort of barrier. These barriers range from metal railings, to encapsulating buildings, to wooden fences and everything in between.
The material, design, or shape of the barrier is irrelevant, what’s important is that the function is performed properly; the function being keeping out those who are not adept swimmers from inadvertently falling into the water. The easiest potential victim to think of is a young child, though inebriated adults can fall victim just as easily.
It must also be noted that barriers need to be maintained. Time and use will wear down doors, fences, and gates. If the barrier is present but the function of keeping out at-risk populations is not performed, then it’s as if the barrier is not physically present at all.
It’s hard to picture a swimming pool without also thinking of the traditional accompanying lifeguard and their bright red lifesaver. However, such trained supervision is not the only standard to meet when ensuring that no drownings occur. A cautious adult who knows how to swim and who is paying attention to others present in the vicinity of the pool can prevent the loss of life just as well.
What Is A “Near-Drowning”?
On the surface, a near-drowning may sound like a fortunate instance in which a person came close to drowning, however, they managed to survive the ordeal. Whether by their own efforts, by those of a nearby observer, or thanks to the prompt efforts of emergency responders, the drowning victim did not become another death statistic.
Unfortunately, for many persons whose experiences can be considered “near drownings,” the after-effects are hardly limited to traumatizing memories in the minds of victims and their loved ones. This is because a person, whether child or adult, who spends a significant amount of time underwater is starving their brain from the oxygen it needs to function.
This virtual asphyxiation can cause significant damage to our most vital cognitive organ, the brain, and cause injuries such as brain edemas or a hypoxic/ischemic cerebral injury. Additionally, other non-brain-specific injuries can manifest including hypothermia, acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), pneumonia, pulmonary damage, and even cardiac arrest.
None of these adverse health effects resulting directly from a near-drowning can be considered mild. Individually, each has the potential to alter the physical, cognitive, and emotional abilities of the victim for the rest of their lives. If they occur concurrently, a drowning accident victim has a significantly reduced chance of surviving and an even smaller chance of leading a normal life.
Wrongful Death & Pool Negligence
The legal concept of negligence is the foundation upon which many injury cases are built; likewise, it can also be used for those injured in a pool drowning incident to seek their deserved compensation. On the other hand, if a victim perishes in a pool drowning accident, the lawsuit would likely fall under the wrongful death category.
If the owner of a pool does not take the adequate steps to ensure that their property abides by guidelines that aim to mitigate a drowning incident, then they may be found negligent and be ordered to pay compensation to victims by a court. If the drowning victim does not survive, the amount of compensation to be paid as the result of a wrongful death suit can be significantly greater.
What are some examples of pool negligence? Consider the drowning causes mentioned above.
Negligent Pool Practices
For instance, if no barrier is placed around a pool when it’s first built, or the barrier has become so dilapidated (due to poor material choice) that it does not perform its intended function, then the pool owner could be held liable if someone falls in the pool and drowns. Likewise, if a public pool employs an untrained lifeguard and they are unprepared and incapable of preventing a fatal drowning while they are on duty, then the manager of the pool facility may also be found negligible.
Materials & Chemicals
Lastly, consider that pools must be constantly maintained to ensure they remain safe for swimmers and other pool-goers. Pool decks must not be uneven or unreasonably slippery when wet. Moreover, the chemicals in the pool water need to be at specific concentrations so as to avoid impacting the health of those who swim in them.
Questions About Filing A Pool Drowning Lawsuit?
Like the aforementioned, there are many other instances where it can be proven that negligence resulted in a drowning. If you’re unsure whether you’re eligible to seek compensation for a pool drowning via a legal claim, then it is recommended to discuss your case with a law firm.
Get in touch with the Legal Herald team today via our 24/7 helpline or the form on this page, and let us help put you in contact with an experienced drowning accident lawyer who will defend your rights and stand by your side in the pursuit of justice.